What is Pegasus Spyware?| No escape from its attack

It is malware (malicious software) classified as spyware.
Malware is short for malicious software, is any software designed to cause damage to a computer, server, or computer network. Ransomware, Spyware, Trojans, Viruses, Worms, etc are all varieties of malware.
Spyware is malicious software that is designed to enter your computer, gather all the data, and forward it to a third party without your consent.

Pegasus infections can be achieved through “zero-click” attacks.
“Zero-click” attacks are those attacks that do not require any interaction from the phone’s owner in order to succeed.

It is so dangerous that it works both on Android and IOS.

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ASEEM digital platform by the Ministry of Skill Development

 ‘ASEEM’ digital platform by the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship is an Artificial Intelligence-based platform providing jobs where both the job seeker and the employer can interact with each other.

The purpose of the portal is to provide a digital medium to both the skilled and unskilled people who have returned home due to COVID 19 pandemic. So these workers by using this platform can get a job as per their experience and ability.

It is similar to the platforms created by private job companies in India such as Naukri.com, indeed.com, Times Job.com etc.

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Who controls Nuclear weapons in India?|Strategic Forces Command| UPSC

Nuclear Command Authority of India (NCA)

Political Council: It is headed by the PM. It comprises of other members of the Cabinet Committee on Security
Executive Council: It is headed by NSA (National Security Advisor). It also includes the Chairman of COSC (Chief of Staff Committee). COSC includes Chiefs of the three wings: Army, Navy, and Air force.

The Operational Arm Nuclear Command Authority (NCA) is Strategic Forces Command. It means that the decision to use Nuclear weapons is taken by the political council after the advice of the executive council and then finally the Strategic Forces Command can operate and use Nuclear weapons.

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Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP)| UPSC

It is a Free Trade Agreement (FTA) between 11 countries around the Pacific Ocean that include Canada, Mexico, Chile, Peru, Australia, New Zealand, Singapore, Malaysia, Vietnam, Brunei, and Japan.

In 2018, the US withdrew from the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), and the remaining 11 participants amend the text of the agreement and renamed TPP to CPTPP in March 2018.

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Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership| Why India Quit RCEP & What India further can do?|UPSC

It is an economic partnership of 15 countries to remove all the barriers of trade between them. So the trading between the member countries is as easy as trading within a country.
It is the world’s biggest Free trade agreement (FTA) between the countries as the GDP of these countries makes 30% of the world’s GDP and that is $25 Trillion.

Members: It is between 10 countries of ASEAN and Australia, New Zealand, China, Japan & South Korea.

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Open skies treaty| When & Why signed| Why US & Russia exit from it|UPSC

It allows 34 countries to conduct unarmed flights over one another’s territories including the US and Russia. It was signed in 1992 between the NATO members and the Warsaw pact countries. It came into effect in 2002.

It was first proposed in 1955, during the cold war to decrease the tensions.

Under the treaty, a member country can spy on any part of the other member country. This will build confidence between them

India was never a member of the treaty.

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SDR Report 2021| Impact of COVID‑19 on key SDG indicators

“Sustainable Development Report 2021: The Decade of Action for the Sustainable Development Goals” name of SDR Report 2021.

It is an annual report released by Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN) which ranks the 193 UN member countries based on their performance in achieving the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDG). It has been released since 2015. It is based on official data sources like the UN, World Bank, etc., and some non-official data sources like research institutions and non-governmental organizations.

This report is topped by Finland with a score of 85.9, followed by Sweden & Denmark.

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NITI Aayog’s SDG India Index 2021| UPSC

The SDG has 17 goals and 169 related targets that are to be achieved by 2030.
The SDG India Index 2021 was first launched in December 2018, for monitoring progress on SDG’s in all states of India. So the states progressed is checked by Niti Aayog in these 17 goals and then ranks are prepared.

In SDG India Index 2021, Kerala remained at the top position with a score of 75 while Bihar being the worst performer remained at the bottom position with a score of 52.
After Kerala, the second position is attained by both Himachal Pradesh and Tamil Nadu.
Bihar, Jharkhand, and Assam are the worst-performing states.

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China’s Xian H-20 strategic stealth bomber- A Game Changer

Xian H-20 strategic stealth bomber with stealth features is the first dedicated bomber that is developed by China.
China became the third country in the world that has stealth technology for fighters after U.S. and Russia.
Now, this stealth bomber is a major concern for the security of India as this stealth bomber can easily move in the Indian region without being detected by the Indian RADAR system.

Xian H-20 Stealth Bomber of China resembles with the Strategic stealth bomber B-2 of US.
The US, in 1990s made a Strategic stealth bomber B-2, which is copied by China by making Xian H-20 Stealth Bomber.

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Global Peace Index 2021| Iceland tops while Afghanistan remains at the bottom| UPSC

15th edition of Global Peace Index 2021 released by the Institute for Economics & Peace. Iceland topped the index and Afghanistan remains at the bottom position with 163 rank. The GPI (Global Peace Index) covers 99.7% of the world’s population by using 23 qualitative & quantitative indicators from respected sources.
It measures peace through 3 main domains:
1. Level of Safety & Security
2. Ongoing Domestic & International conflict
3. Degree of Militarisation

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