Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP)| UPSC

It is a Free Trade Agreement (FTA) between 11 countries around the Pacific Ocean that include Canada, Mexico, Chile, Peru, Australia, New Zealand, Singapore, Malaysia, Vietnam, Brunei, and Japan.

In 2018, the US withdrew from the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), and the remaining 11 participants amend the text of the agreement and renamed TPP to CPTPP in March 2018.

Read more

Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership| Why India Quit RCEP & What India further can do?|UPSC

It is an economic partnership of 15 countries to remove all the barriers of trade between them. So the trading between the member countries is as easy as trading within a country.
It is the world’s biggest Free trade agreement (FTA) between the countries as the GDP of these countries makes 30% of the world’s GDP and that is $25 Trillion.

Members: It is between 10 countries of ASEAN and Australia, New Zealand, China, Japan & South Korea.

Read more

Open skies treaty| When & Why signed| Why US & Russia exit from it|UPSC

It allows 34 countries to conduct unarmed flights over one another’s territories including the US and Russia. It was signed in 1992 between the NATO members and the Warsaw pact countries. It came into effect in 2002.

It was first proposed in 1955, during the cold war to decrease the tensions.

Under the treaty, a member country can spy on any part of the other member country. This will build confidence between them

India was never a member of the treaty.

Read more

SDR Report 2021| Impact of COVID‑19 on key SDG indicators

“Sustainable Development Report 2021: The Decade of Action for the Sustainable Development Goals” name of SDR Report 2021.

It is an annual report released by Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN) which ranks the 193 UN member countries based on their performance in achieving the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDG). It has been released since 2015. It is based on official data sources like the UN, World Bank, etc., and some non-official data sources like research institutions and non-governmental organizations.

This report is topped by Finland with a score of 85.9, followed by Sweden & Denmark.

Read more

China’s Xian H-20 strategic stealth bomber- A Game Changer

Xian H-20 strategic stealth bomber with stealth features is the first dedicated bomber that is developed by China.
China became the third country in the world that has stealth technology for fighters after U.S. and Russia.
Now, this stealth bomber is a major concern for the security of India as this stealth bomber can easily move in the Indian region without being detected by the Indian RADAR system.

Xian H-20 Stealth Bomber of China resembles with the Strategic stealth bomber B-2 of US.
The US, in 1990s made a Strategic stealth bomber B-2, which is copied by China by making Xian H-20 Stealth Bomber.

Read more

Global Peace Index 2021| Iceland tops while Afghanistan remains at the bottom| UPSC

15th edition of Global Peace Index 2021 released by the Institute for Economics & Peace. Iceland topped the index and Afghanistan remains at the bottom position with 163 rank. The GPI (Global Peace Index) covers 99.7% of the world’s population by using 23 qualitative & quantitative indicators from respected sources.
It measures peace through 3 main domains:
1. Level of Safety & Security
2. Ongoing Domestic & International conflict
3. Degree of Militarisation

Read more

47th G7 summit 2021 in the UK| Complete analysis of the meeting| UPSC

The main agenda was to work on a global approach to the covid-19 pandemic.

The PM of India, Narendra Modi called for a “one world, one health” approach. It means all the restrictions put by the US on vaccinations should be removed. All the members agreed in this.

The G-7 nations agreed to provide 1 billion vaccines to other countries.

The G-7 nations also launched the “build back better world” initiative, to fund the development of infrastructure in low and middle-income countries. To counter China on One Belt One Road (OBOR) and its Debt traps, the President of US Joe Biden, gave the proposal of this new initiative “Build Back Better World” (BBBY), and announced a $40 Trillion investment in it. But India didn’t approve it and asked for some time to study the project.

Read more

US-China trade war| Samsung shifts from China to India

Chinese Communist Party misuses trade and tariffs against the other countries. China joined WTO in 2001, so certain conditions were imposed on China. But in reality, China has aggressively misused WTO for its own benefit. Made in China products are present in almost every country in the world. But when it comes to imports, the largest social media networks like Youtube, Facebook, Google, Amazon are not found in China. So China is doing one-sided trade. Instead, China copied these companies and created copycat clones. China replaced Youtube with Youku, Amazon with Alibaba, Google with Baidu, and Facebook with Weibo. Thus China has done Intellectual Property thefts in almost every sector. When any new technology comes, China makes the clones. This is not possible in a democratic country as court case will be filed in the court of that country.

Read more

Auckland tops the Global Liveability Index 2021| Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU)

Global Liveability Index is the list of most livable cities in the world and is found by the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU). EIU is a part of Economist Magazine which is a UK-based magazine. Every year EIU takes out a ranking of the most livable cities in the world. Auckland of New Zealand is in the top position of this ranking with a score of 96. This means it is the most livable city in 2021. It is followed by Osaka, Japan, and then Adelaide, Australia. Most of the cities in the top 10 are of Australia. Four cities of Australia are in the top 10.

Read more

G7 (Group of 7) and India| G-4, G-6, G-7, G-8, G-10, D-10| Formations, Agendas, Meetings| UPSC

It is a group of Industrial powers and big economies. It includes the US, Britain, France, Germany, Italy, and Japan. It was formed in 1975. Then Canada added and it becomes G-7. After that Russia also added and it becomes G-8. But in 2014, Russia acquired the Cremia of Ukraine. Since Ukraine is a European country and in G-8 there were mostly European countries. Also, European countries said that Russia always does cyber-attack on them. So they removed Russia out of G-8 and again it becomes G-7.

Read more