Kisan Kalyan Yojana| How it will benefit farmers?

Due to the ongoing farmers’ protest, in January 2021 UP CM Yogi Adityanath launched the Kisan Kalyan Mission in his state. Under the Kisan Kalyan Mission, the farmers would be informed about the benefits of the new agriculture laws which were passed by the central government as well.

Krishi Vigyan Kendras

The Kisan Kalyan mission is to deploy the experts in Krishi Vigyan Kendras who will share their knowledge on advanced techniques of farming to increase the income of farmers.
Krishi Vigyan Kendras are agricultural centers that focus on the practical approach of agricultural research. and these centers are linked to the Indian Council of Agricultural Research.

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The World’s Biggest Floating Solar Power Plant is going to build in India

The World’s largest Floating solar energy project is going to construct at the Omkareshwar dam on the Narmada river in Madhya Pradesh by 2023. 


It is a 600 MW plant utilizing solar energy.

The panels can adjust their position automatically when the water level of the dam is low.

It will start generating power by 2022-23.

The floating solar plant is going to be designed in such a way as to withstand strong waves and floods while continue to generate solar power at the same time.

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Rewa, the Largest Solar Power Plant in India| UPSC

 It is the first renewable energy project to supply a customer outside the state, i.e. Delhi Metro, which will get 24% of energy from the project and the remaining 76% being supplied to the state of Madhya Pradesh.

It is India’s first solar project to get funding from the Clean Technology Fund (CTF), which is available at the rate of 0.25%  for a 40-year period from the World Bank. The CTF promotes the low carbon technologies by financing them to shift there.

This project of Rewa will reduce carbon emission to approx. 15 lakh tons of CO2 per year.

It is the first solar project in India to break the “grid parity barrier”.

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Boeing AH-64E Apache Attack Helicopter|UPSC

AH-64 Apache is the world’s best attack helicopter.
It can be equipped with air-to-air missiles and an advanced precision kill weapon system.
It can fight and survive during the day, night, and also in adverse weather throughout the world.

The Apache helicopter is manufactured by the Boeing Company.
The Boeing Company is an American multinational company that designs and manufactures airplanes, rockets, satellites, telecommunications equipment, and missiles worldwide. It is among the largest global aerospace manufacturers.

India has procured AH-64 Apache from Boeing company. It is also used by the US Army.
India has contracted 22 Apache helicopters and 15 Chinook helicopters from Boeing through the Foreign Military Sales program of USA government.

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What is Pegasus Spyware?| No escape from its attack

It is malware (malicious software) classified as spyware.
Malware is short for malicious software, is any software designed to cause damage to a computer, server, or computer network. Ransomware, Spyware, Trojans, Viruses, Worms, etc are all varieties of malware.
Spyware is malicious software that is designed to enter your computer, gather all the data, and forward it to a third party without your consent.

Pegasus infections can be achieved through “zero-click” attacks.
“Zero-click” attacks are those attacks that do not require any interaction from the phone’s owner in order to succeed.

It is so dangerous that it works both on Android and IOS.

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ASEEM digital platform by the Ministry of Skill Development

 ‘ASEEM’ digital platform by the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship is an Artificial Intelligence-based platform providing jobs where both the job seeker and the employer can interact with each other.

The purpose of the portal is to provide a digital medium to both the skilled and unskilled people who have returned home due to COVID 19 pandemic. So these workers by using this platform can get a job as per their experience and ability.

It is similar to the platforms created by private job companies in India such as,, Times etc.

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Who controls Nuclear weapons in India?|Strategic Forces Command| UPSC

Nuclear Command Authority of India (NCA)

Political Council: It is headed by the PM. It comprises of other members of the Cabinet Committee on Security
Executive Council: It is headed by NSA (National Security Advisor). It also includes the Chairman of COSC (Chief of Staff Committee). COSC includes Chiefs of the three wings: Army, Navy, and Air force.

The Operational Arm Nuclear Command Authority (NCA) is Strategic Forces Command. It means that the decision to use Nuclear weapons is taken by the political council after the advice of the executive council and then finally the Strategic Forces Command can operate and use Nuclear weapons.

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Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP)| UPSC

It is a Free Trade Agreement (FTA) between 11 countries around the Pacific Ocean that include Canada, Mexico, Chile, Peru, Australia, New Zealand, Singapore, Malaysia, Vietnam, Brunei, and Japan.

In 2018, the US withdrew from the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), and the remaining 11 participants amend the text of the agreement and renamed TPP to CPTPP in March 2018.

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Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership| Why India Quit RCEP & What India further can do?|UPSC

It is an economic partnership of 15 countries to remove all the barriers of trade between them. So the trading between the member countries is as easy as trading within a country.
It is the world’s biggest Free trade agreement (FTA) between the countries as the GDP of these countries makes 30% of the world’s GDP and that is $25 Trillion.

Members: It is between 10 countries of ASEAN and Australia, New Zealand, China, Japan & South Korea.

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Open skies treaty| When & Why signed| Why US & Russia exit from it|UPSC

It allows 34 countries to conduct unarmed flights over one another’s territories including the US and Russia. It was signed in 1992 between the NATO members and the Warsaw pact countries. It came into effect in 2002.

It was first proposed in 1955, during the cold war to decrease the tensions.

Under the treaty, a member country can spy on any part of the other member country. This will build confidence between them

India was never a member of the treaty.

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